) is a city of the Pacific Northwest located in the U. The Eugene-Springfield, Oregon metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is the 146th largest metropolitan statistical area in the US and the third-largest in the state, behind the Portland Metropolitan Area and the Salem Metropolitan Area. It is located at the southern end of the Willamette Valley, near the confluence of the Mc Kenzie and Willamette Rivers, about 50 miles (80 km) east of the Oregon Coast.By 1828 to 1830 they and their Native wives began year-round occupation of the land, raising crops and tending animals.In this process, the mixed race families began to impact Native access to land, food supply, and traditional materials for trade and religious practices.It is likely that since the Santiam had an alliance with the Brownsville Kalapuyans that the Santiam influence also went as far at Eugene.In the 1800s their traditional way of life faced significant changes due to devastating epidemics and settlement, first by French fur traders and later by an overwhelming number of United States colonists.The first people to settle in the Eugene area were known as the Kalapuyans, also written Calapooia or Calapooya.They made "seasonal rounds," moving around the countryside as appropriate to collect and preserve local foods, including acorns, the bulbs of the wapato and camas plants, and berries.
Having already developed relationships with Native communities through intermarriage and trade, they negotiated for land from the Kalapuyans.At this time the settlement was known by Anglos as Skinner's Mudhole.It was relocated in 1853 and named Eugene City in 1853.This catastrophic event shattered the social fabric of Kalapuyan society and altered the demographic balance in the Valley.
This balance was further altered over the next few years by the arrival of Anglo-American settlers, beginning in 1840 with 13 people and growing exponentially each year until within 20 years more than 11,000 US colonists, including Eugene Skinner, had arrived.
It fell victim to two major fires in four years, and after the second fire, the college decided not to rebuild again.